Mozilla

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What is Mozilla?

Mozilla is a free software community. Mostly, it is known for its popular web browser, Firefox, but it also offers an e-mail client, Thunderbird, mobile operating system, Firefox OS, VPN service, Mozilla VPN, and more. Mozilla was founded in 1998, by the members of Netscape. Mozilla Foundation is supporting the community and its tax-paying subsidiary, the Mozilla Corporation.

Mozilla’s story began when Jamie Zawinski from Netscape registered mozilla.org only one day after Netscape announced that it is publishing Communicator and its source code for free. After Zawinski came up with the idea and the name “Mozilla” a small group of Netscape employees also joined the community. During its first year, new members around the world joined the project and started contributing to add new functionalities, to enhance features, and to be engaged in the management and planning aspects of the project.

The company published the first major version, Mozilla 1.0 in 2002. Later in that year, the company also launched the first version of Phoenix, which is later renamed to Firefox. After AOL reduced its involvement with Mozilla in 2003, the Mozilla project created the Mozilla Foundation which is designated the legal steward of the project.

The first version of Mozilla’s popular web browser, Firefox 1.0 was launched in 2004 and downloaded over 100 million times. The community is releasing new versions of its popular software since then. Mozilla also published a Manifesto that outlines the community’s approach to the internet and its principles. The ten principles of Mozilla are:

  • The internet is an integral part of modern life—a key component in education, communication, collaboration, business, entertainment and society as a whole.
  • The internet is a global public resource that must remain open and accessible.
  • The internet must enrich the lives of individual human beings.
  • Individuals’ security and privacy on the internet are fundamental and must not be treated as optional.
  • Individuals must have the ability to shape the internet and their own experiences on it.
  • The effectiveness of the internet as a public resource depends upon interoperability (protocols, data formats, content), innovation and decentralized participation worldwide.
  • Free and open source software promotes the development of the internet as a public resource.
  • Transparent community-based processes promote participation, accountability and trust.
  • Commercial involvement in the development of the internet brings many benefits; a balance between commercial profit and public benefit is critical.
  • Magnifying the public benefit aspects of the internet is an important goal, worthy of time, attention and commitment.

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