Ubuntu

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What is Ubuntu?

Ubuntu is a Debian-based free and open-source Linux distribution. Ubuntu is developed by a community of developers and Canonical. Ubuntu’s support for OpenStack makes it a popular operating system for cloud computing. It is suitable for desktop and server use. There are three official Ubuntu editions, Desktop, Server, and Core. Ubuntu is named after an African philosophy, which means “humanity to others” or “I am what I am because of who we all are”. Today, Ubuntu desktop is the most widely used Linux workstation platform, available in more than 55 languages worldwide.

The first release of Ubuntu was released in October of 2004. Ubuntu was also the first Linux-based operating system to commit to scheduled releases on a predictable cadence, every six months. Ubuntu team also decided that every fourth release, which means every two years, would receive long-term support for large-scale deployments. Long-term support, or LTS for short, includes new hardware updates, security patches, and updates to cloud computing infrastructure, Ubuntu Stack. In July of 2005, Canonical funded Ubuntu. The announcement was made by Mark Shuttleworth, founder and CEO of Canonical. Canonical created the Ubuntu Foundation and provided funding of $10 million. In March of 2009, third-party cloud management platform support was added to Ubuntu.

There are various official variants of Ubuntu. Kubuntu variant uses KDE instead of GNOME or Unity interfaces. Lubuntu is a lighter, energy-efficient derivative of the operating system that also needs fewer resources. Ubuntu Budgies is an official derivative of Ubuntu that uses Budgie. Ubuntu Kylin is another popular official derivative aims the Chinese market. Ubuntu Studio aims audio, video, and graphic editors by providing open-source multimedia creation applications. And Xubuntu uses Xfce

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